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British Indian Ocean Territory


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British Indian Ocean Territory

Official languages

ISO 4217



Approximately 6,000

British Indian Ocean Territory Dollar


Document checklist:



"The British Indian Ocean Territory (BIOT) is a small group of islands located in the Indian Ocean. It is a British Overseas Territory, and is home to a population of around 4,000 people. The economy of the BIOT is largely dependent on fishing and tourism, with the majority of the population employed in the fishing industry.

The GDP of the BIOT was estimated to be around $50 million in 2019, with a per capita GDP of $12,500. This is significantly lower than the UK average of $45,000. The unemployment rate in the BIOT is also higher than the UK average, at around 8.5%.

The BIOT is heavily reliant on the UK for financial support, with the UK providing around $20 million in aid each year. This aid is used to fund infrastructure projects, health care, and education.

The BIOT also receives income from the sale of fishing licenses, which are sold to foreign vessels. This income is estimated to be around $2 million per year.

Overall, the economy of the BIOT is relatively small and heavily reliant on the UK for financial support. The fishing industry is the main source of employment, and the sale of fishing licenses provides a small but important source of income."


British Indian Ocean Territory (BIOT) is a British overseas territory located in the Indian Ocean. As a territory of the UK, it is subject to UK tax laws.

Personal income tax is levied on all residents of BIOT who are UK citizens or have significant ties to the UK. The tax rates are progressive, ranging from 20% to 45%, depending on the income level. The first £12,570 of annual income is exempt from taxation, and there are various deductions and credits available to reduce the tax liability.

Corporate income tax is levied on all companies and businesses operating in BIOT. The standard corporate tax rate in the UK is 19% on the net taxable income.

In addition to federal taxes, there are also other taxes levied on businesses operating in the UK, such as the value-added tax (VAT) and employer national insurance contributions (NIC).

The tax year in the UK runs from April 6th to April 5th of the following year. The deadline for filing personal income tax returns and paying any outstanding tax is usually January 31st of the following year, while the deadline for filing corporate tax returns and paying any outstanding tax is generally 9 months after the end of the accounting period.

Payments can be made online or in person at designated banks. The penalty for late payment or non-payment of taxes can range from a fixed penalty of £100 to 200% of the tax due, depending on the severity of the offense. Additionally, interest may be charged on any outstanding tax liability.

Overall, taxation in BIOT follows UK tax laws and regulations. It is important for taxpayers to consult with local tax advisors or government authorities to ensure compliance with the relevant tax regulations.

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